The European Settlement of North America: The Atlantic Coast to 1600.

Chapter Objectives

  • Explain the origins of the Protestant Reformation in Europe and its impact on national development and political events, especially in England.
  • Describe the diplomatic, religious, and economic developments that encouraged the English to found their first colony in North America on Roanoke Island.
  • Characterize the non-English settlements - New France, New Netherland, and New Sweden - that challenged England for control over the East Coast of North America.
  • Discuss the economic, political and social foundations of the Chesapeake colonies - Virginia and Maryland - that the English planted during the early seventeenth century.
  • Consider the founding of the New England colonies within the religious and political turmoil in seventeenth-century England, and contrast their development with the experience of the Chesapeake colonies.

On-line Materials

Mystery of Roanoke

Essay Questions:

1. What accounts for the timing of English exploration beginning in the late 16th century?
2. Compare and contrast the founding, development, and expansion of the three rival colonies on the East Coast of North America.
3. Describe the founding of the Virginia colony and identify its' strengths and weaknesses, as well as the lesson learned by the English during early colonization.
4. How did religious, political and economic developments in 17th century England lead to the founding of the New England colonies in America?
5. Characterize the the impact of English settlement on the environment of New England, considering the human tragedy of Native American dispossession as well as the imprint of new technologies on the natural landscape and traditional economy of the region.

Period 3 Shared Response Outline

Period 5 Shared Response Outline